Doing the Right Thing: Tips on Navigating Ethics in Accounting

Tips on Navigating Ethics in Accounting

Numbers don’t lie. It’s a cliché you’ve likely heard before. It's also one that you may know to be untrue. Numbers — or rather, financial data — are only as truthful and clear as finance professionals interpret and report them to be. Unfortunately, there's been no shortage of business headlines in recent years about companies manipulating data in unethical ways. Fraud, embezzlement, falsifying information … there’s been a fair share of monetary malfeasance going on.

But this blog post isn’t about accounting’s bad apples. It’s about professionals who want to do the right thing when confronted with ethical dilemmas.

Except, what is the right thing?

When it comes to ethics in accounting, answering that question can be tough. There is no definitive solution for how to resolve all ethical conundrums. Nonetheless, here’s a quick guide — think of it as an ethical GPS — to help you navigate some of the most common ethical dilemmas.

Conflicts of Interest

Suppose you are providing services to both a vendor and a purchaser. Or maybe you are consulting a client that is looking to acquire another client. Or, perhaps, you are faced with two clients that are both eager to take over the same company. When it comes to conflicts of interest, or even the appearance of one, you’ve got to ensure that they will not adversely or inappropriately sway your business judgments. To navigate such situations, you might create distinct accounting teams for different clients and notify all parties of the nature of the conflict.


Full disclosure might seem like a noble effort, but by offering it you may run the risk of breaching client confidentiality, e.g., telling Client A that Client B is looking to take over Client A. Should you find yourself in such a thorny predicament, your best bet would probably be to recuse yourself from involvement in the takeover.

Financial Reporting

This is perhaps the most common area in which ethics in accounting come into play. A common question you may ask yourself is: “Where do I report this expense?” How you record information can reverberate throughout your firm and beyond. It can mean the difference between one department showing a profit, another showing a loss. It can even impact stock prices. Sure, legal statutes are a good guide, but many laws have loopholes. Is it ethical to take advantage of them, say, by moving around numbers to meet certain revenue criteria? After all, you wouldn’t be breaking any rules, but what about the spirit of the rules?

In the end, only you can figure out the best road to take, but to help steer you, consider consulting the ethical codes developed by professional organizations. You don’t have to be a member to benefit from the advice. Check out these terrific resources: 

Finally, perhaps the main point is that when dealing with ethics in accounting, you’ll never get at answers unless you raise questions. When ethical lapses occur, it’s often because employees fail to see ethical dilemmas in the first place. And as an article in HR Magazine points out, “…ethical lapses tend to snowball. Once employees see others breaking rules without repercussions, they may believe it’s OK for them to do so, as well.”

Related content: Ethics for Accountants are More Important Than Ever